In recent years, the solar-powered business has exploded around the world. Many agricultural professionals have also switched to solar water pumps in India to meet their irrigation needs. Water pumps in India that run on solar energy rather than standard electricity or fossil fuel known as solar water pumps. The cost-effectiveness and durability of these Solar Pumps water in India have sparked a recent increase in the agriculture sector.
In comparison to more traditional electric water pumps, they are also quite simple to install and require far less maintenance.
Today’s essay will attempt to provide you with important information on how to run solar water pumps in India step by step so that you may use them according to your needs.
If we saw the durability of solar-powered water pumps, these pumps have a 15 to 20-year shelf life. This strategy is ideal for areas where is a lack of consistent electrical supply or availability. So sit back and let us take you on a tour of solar-powered water pumps for home-usage.
Advantages of Using Solar-Powered Water Pumps?
There are three major advantages of switching from an electric water pump to a solar-powered water pump. The majority of customers have remarked that the main reason, they chose solar water pumps over electric water pumps, is that it eliminates their reliance on the grid system. Most pumps nowadays are completely reliant on the grid, and when the electricity goes out, everything comes to a halt.
Another major factor contributing to the growing popularity of solar power pumps is their ease of use. This is the fact that the pump can utilize solar energy during the day, and the stored energy will allow you to operate the pump at times when there is no sunshine.
Solar Powered Water Pump Solutions
The type of solar power system you choose, will determine the water supply. There are two main options available to you.
If you have a water motor with a 12 HP rating and want to install a solar water pump for your home to collect water for household things, we recommend going with a 2 off-grid solar system.
If the water pump has a greater horsepower rating, such as 1 horsepower, a 3kW solar system would be the best option.
Types of Solar Powered Water Pumps
Submersible Water Pump
Low-level water bodies with depth of more than 10 meters pumped by submersible pumps. To install such pumps, borewell must dug, which increases cost of installation. Because these pumps buried in water, they may require a lot of upkeep.
Surface Water Pump
Surface pumps intended for use in shallow water bodies with a depth of fewer than 10 meters, such as ponds and wells. Because mounted on surface, simple to maintain.
Components Of Solar Water Pump
- Solar Panels
- Solar AC Pump Controller
- Solar AC Submersible Pump
- Mounting Structure & BOS
Submersible vs Surface Solar Pumps
There are two types of solar water pumps in general. A submersible pump installed underwater. These commonly found submerged in a well, but they can also be used in a pond or stream if they are lifted slightly above the water’s surface
After that, separate output hose used to supply tank. Make sure the pump is close to the water source to ensure proper water intake into the pump. To guarantee optimal water intake, the vertical distance between the water source and the pump should be as short as possible.
Indian Market Segmentation for Solar Powered Water Pump
To comprehend the manufacturing of the water pump market, you must first comprehend consumers. The solar water pump consumer market in India is classified into seven groups:
- Because India is an agricultural country, farmers hold the largest share of the market (27%) in the country.
- Building services account for the second-largest share of this sector (19%).
- The Water & Wastewater Management sector holds the third-largest share of this market (17%).
- Power Generation controls the fourth-largest share of this market (12%).
- The oil and gas industry holds the fifth-largest share of this market (8%).
- The metal & Mining sector holds the sixth-largest share of this market (4%).
- The fourth category, miscellaneous (other categories), accounts for 13% of the market.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) – Solar water pumps
What are solar water pumps?
A solar water pump, also known as a solar photovoltaic water pumping system, is a solar-powered solution. It functions similarly to standard electric pump, with exception that it is powered by solar energy rather fossil fuels or electricity. It comprises one or more solar panels, also known as solar photovoltaic modules, a motor pump set, electronic controls or a controller device to drive the pump, the necessary hardware, and, in certain cases, additional items such as inverters, batteries, and so on.
What is the use of solar water pumps?
solar water pump is used to extract water from ponds, rivers, borewells, and other sources of water, which is used meet irrigation, community water supply, livestock, and other needs
How does a solar water pump work?
As previously stated, it functions similarly to other pump set, with exception that it is powered by solar energy rather non renewable energy. When sunlight strikes the solar panels, it generates a direct current (DC), which is fed to the motor, which pumps the water out. When motor demands alternating current (AC), however, DC generated by solar panels transformed to AC using inverter.
How are solar water pumps more useful than conventional electric pumps?
The following are some of the benefits of solar water pumps over traditional electric pumps:
- Solar water pumps function without the use of any fuel or electricity. Solar water pumps do not require electricity or fuel after installed.
- Power outages, low voltage, single-phase difficulties, or motor burning have no effect.
- It can be used in distant locations where electricity is unavailable or diesel is difficult to get.
- Low maintenance expenses are incurred because solar water pumps have fewer moving components than a diesel-powered pumps, resulting in fewer risks of wear and tear.
- Because no lubricants are required for operation, there is no risk of lubricant pollution of water or soil.
- Easy to use
What are the different types of solar water pumps?
There are various types of solar-powered pumps. Submersible and surface pumps, direct current (DC) pumps, and alternative current (AC) pumps are the four main types of solar water pumps.
- Submersible pumps
- Surface pumps
- AC pump
- DC pump
How does one know if they should use a submersible or a surface pump?
The choice is made based on depth of groundwater and source of water. A submersible pump is utilized when water table is deeper than 10-15 meters in a borewell. If the source is an open well, pond, or other body of water, a surface pump is preferable. When the water level is less than 10 meters, the surface pump is also installed.
The following types of motor pump sets are available based on the classification:
- Surface-mounted motor pump set
- Submersible motor pump set
- Floating motor pump set
- After permission from Ministry of New and Renewable Energy’s test labs, any other type of motor pump set can used.
Which pump is better: DC Pump or an AC Pump?
Although DC pumps are more efficient than AC pumps and do not require an inverter to operate, the cost of DC pumps is higher. In addition, due to a shortage of service centers in rural and isolated places, DC pump repair and maintenance is challenging.
How much area can a system irrigate?
In general, a 2 HP pump can irrigate around two acres of land, whereas a 7.5 HP pump can irrigate about ten acres, but this data varies based on groundwater levels and the sort of irrigation necessary for a certain crop.
Once installed, is it possible to relocate the solar pump system?
The solar pump system should not relocated. The system can, however, relocated using a mobile mounting platform, although this is an expensive process that may also harm the system.
Does a solar water pump work during cloudy and foggy days?
Solar water pumps not affected by lack of sunlight. On such days, though the pump might given a hybrid power supply. After making necessary adjustments to controller, pump can connected to the state electrical grid or a diesel generator set. However, such arrangement should only created after checking with solar water pump manufacturer.